According to a new study published on Tuesday claims that India is home to the world’s largest number of underdeveloped children due to a lack of toilets, dirty water and poor hygiene.
Despite high economic growth in recent years, India has more undersized children than Nigeria, Pakistan, China and the Republic of Congo combined, with 48 million under the age of five and about 30% of the global total, a WaterAid report said.
Underdeveloped is a form of underfeeding in which children are shorter than normal for their age and is largely irreparable after the age of two.
The reason behind the growth of underdeveloped children is because dirty water and lack of toilets.
Around 140,000 children die every year from diarrhoea in India, while 76 million do not have access to safe water and 774 million live without enough hygiene.
“India has the highest number of people in the world who are practicing open defecation, which spreads deadly diseases and makes children more at risk to diarrhoea and other infections,” said Megan Wilson-Jones, WaterAid health and hygiene analyst.
So it is no surprise that so many children in India suffer from undersized growth.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has stressed the need to clean up India since raid to power in 2014 and has repeatedly urged every household to have a toilet within four years to end the increase of infection.